[18], In 1502, the members of the Aragonese Cortes gathered in Zaragoza, and Parliaments of the Kingdom of Valencia and the Principality of Catalonia in Barcelona, as members of the Crown of Aragon, swore an oath of loyalty to their daughter Joanna as heiress, but Alonso de Aragón, Archbishop of Saragossa, stated firmly that this oath was invalid and did not change the law of succession which could only be done by formal legislation by the Cortes with the King. Even without the benefit of the American expansion, Spain would have been a major European power. Ferdinand II of Aragon, the grandson of Ferdinand I, and Queen Isabella I of Castile were married in 1469, later taking the title the Catholic Monarchs; subsequently, this event was seen by historiographers as the dawn of a unified Spain. Their marriage placed all of Spain under a single ruler before other countries in Europe, and created a stable environment for the people. Jak to mówią w Ferdinand II of Aragon Angielski? À partir de 1555 , les couronnes de Castille et d'Aragon partagent un souverain unique , avant d'être fusionnées en 1716 en un royaume d'Espagne, par les décrets de … Although Machiavelli utilizes Cesare Borgia as the central example figure, Ferdinand II is the ultimate example of Machiavelli’s teachings and message. De son union avec Henri VIII, Cath… Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando II; Catalan: Ferran II; Basque: Errando II; Spanish: Fernando II; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516) was King of Aragon from 1479 to his death and by marriage King of Castile (as Ferdinand V) from 1474 to 1504, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with his wife Isabella I. Ferdinand is considered de facto the first King of Spain, being described as such during his own lifetime, although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms until the Nueva Planta Decrees of 1716.[1]. Finally, the Castilian Regent, Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros accepted the fait accompli, and the Castilian and Aragonese Cortes paid homage to him[22] as King of Aragon jointly with his mother.[23]. Encyclopédie Larousse en ligne - Ferdinand II le Catholique Template:Simp Ferdinand II the Catholic (Template:Lang-es, 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. Their firstborn was a daughter who became known as Isabella of Aragon (1470-1498), Queen of Portugal. Ja, właściciel praw autorskich do tego dzieła, udostępniam je na poniższych licencjach. Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand II, on the Neapolitan throne. Ferdinand II d'Aragon (en catalan : Ferran II, en castillan : Fernando II), né le 10 mars 1452 (ou 10 mai ?) He was called the Catholic (Spanish: el Católico). Those, however, had never been made use of, due to the doubtful nature of the deal.[12]. 11:17. In 1506, as part of a treaty with France, Ferdinand married Germaine of Foix of France, but Ferdinand's only son and child of that marriage died soon after birth. In 1469, he married Infanta Isabella, the future queen of Castile, which was regarded as the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy". However, the deaths of these children, and the death of Isabella, altered the succession plan forcing Ferdinand to yield the government of Castile to Philip of Habsburg the husband of his second daughter Joanna. Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Spanish: Fernando II, Catalan: Ferran) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. [21] Nevertheless, the Flemish wished that Charles assume the royal title, and this was supported by his paternal grandfather the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and by Pope Leo X. Consequently, after Ferdinand II's funeral on 14 March 1516, Charles I was proclaimed King of Castile and of Aragon jointly with his mother. She married. Ferdinand with his wife Isabel and with Christopher Columbus (whom he married on 19 October 1505 in Blois, Kingdom of France), King Ferdinand had one son: He also left several illegitimate children, two of them were born before his marriage to Isabella: With Aldonza Ruiz de Iborre y Alemany, a Catalan noblewoman of Cervera, he had: Monarch of the Crown of Castille (with Isabella I), After the conquest of Granada.With the arms of Granada.1492–1504, The Arms quarter the arms of Castile and León with the arms of Aragon and Aragonese Sicily, the last combining the arms of Aragon with the black eagle of the Hohenstaufen of Sicily. They utilised a prenuptial agreement to lay down their terms. Infante de Castille et d'Aragon, elle est reine consort d'Angleterre, avant de voir son mariage annulé par la volonté de son mari Henri VIII. [16], Ferdinand had no legal position in Castile, with the cortes of Toro recognizing Joanna and her children as heirs and Ferdinand left Castile in July 1506. He laid the foundations of Spanish unity and imperial power. In March 1492, the monarchs issued the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews, also called the Alhambra Decree,[9] a document which ordered all Jews either to be baptised and convert to Christianity or to leave the country. Ab 1479 regierte er als Ferdinand II. [5][6] When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union. Les circonstances dans lesquelles se déroule l'événement sont à l'origine de l'anglicanisme. Ferdinand II d'Aragon - Vikidia, l’encyclopédie des 8-13 ans Instead, the 'Holy League' was formed, in which now all the powers joined together against Louis XII and France. Isabella was dubious of Joanna's ability to rule and was not confident of Joanna's husband Archduke Philip. et travaille à l'unité religieuse (création d'une nouvelle Inquisition, reconquête du royaume de Grenade [1492], expulsion des Juifs [1492] et des Maures [1502]), ce qui vaut au couple royal le titre de Rois Catholiques conféré par le pape Alexandre VI. Isabella I (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen of Castile from 1474 and Queen consort of Aragon from 1479, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with her husband Fernando II. Isabelle et Ferdinand ont régné ensemble jusqu'à la mort d'Isabelle en 1504. No, they are diverse human beings. When Henry III died in 1406, his son John II was an infant The French were successful in reconquering Milan two years later, however. Their first-born daughter Isabella was married to Alfonso of Portugal, and their first-born son John was married to Margaret of Austria. This brought to a close the centuries-long Christian reconquest of Iberia. [3] Juana was the daughter of Fredrique Enriquez, admiral of Castile and matrinal granddaughter of Jewess Paloma of Toledo, making Ferdinand halachically Jewish. The two young monarchs were initially obliged to fight a civil war against Joan of Castile (also known as Juana la Beltraneja), the purported daughter of Henry IV, and were swiftly successful. Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516)Son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enríquez, Ferdinand II, born March 10, 1452, was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), and—through his marriage in 1469 to Isabella I of Castile—Castile and León (1574–1516). Isabella and Ferdinand's achievements were remarkable: Spain was united, or at least more united than it ever had been; the crown power was centralised, at least in name; the reconquista was successfully concluded; the groundwork for the most dominant military machine of the next century and a half was laid; a legal framework was created; the church was reformed. Ferdinand II was the King of Aragon during the late 15th century and the early 16th century. His marriage to Isabella of Castile unified most of the Iberian Peninsula as Spain and started its move to become a great power. During their reign they supported each other effectively in accordance to his joint motto of equality: "Tanto monta [or monta tanto], Isabel como Fernando" ("They amount to the same, Isabel and Ferdinand"). So the actuality that there became right into a King Ferdinand of Aragon and King Ferdinand of Bohemia the two with the regnal quantity II would not propose they have been the comparable man or woman. [35], 15th and 16th-century King of Aragon, Sicily, Naples, and Valencia. Ferdinand and Isabella established a highly effective sovereignty under equal terms. The main architect behind the Spanish Inquisition was King Ferdinand II. Ferdinand V (1452-1516), or Ferdinand the Catholic, and his wife, Isabella I, were joint sovereigns of Castile. Von 1474 bis 1504 war er, zusammen mit seiner Frau Isabella, als Ferdinand V. König von Kastilien und León. Fils du roi Jean II d'Aragon (1398-1479) et de sa seconde épouse Jeanne Enríquez (1425-1468), Ferdinand hérite des possessions de la couronne d'Aragon à la mort en 1461 de son demi-frère Charles d'Aragon, le prince de Viane héritier de la Navarre, qui s'était rebellé contre leur père. A stillborn daughter, twin of Maria. there have been, to illustrate, a great form of King Henri(y)s of the two France and England yet … On the day of his wife's death, he formally renounced his title as king of Castile and instead became governor (gobernador) of the kingdom, as a way to become regent. In 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and expelled Alfonso II, who was Ferdinand's first cousin once removed and step nephew, from the throne of Naples. ), The first years of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule saw the Spanish conquest of the Nasrid dynasty of the Emirate of Granada (Moorish Kingdom of Granada), the last Islamic al-Andalus entity on the Iberian peninsula, completed in 1492.[5][8]. Ayant choisi l'alliance avec l'Aragon à l'alliance avec le Portugal, dans l'espoir d'unifier la péninsule Ibérique sous domination castillane, Isabelle est mariée avec Ferd… Ferdinand was born in Sos del Rey Católico, Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon (whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez. Nach dem Tod seines Schwiegersohns Philipp übernahm er 1506 in Kastilien die Regentschaft für seine Tochter After his son-in-law Philip's untimely death in September 1506, Castile was in crisis. Fille de Jean II Trastamare (1406-1454), roi de Castille, Isabelle, née le 2 avril 1451, monte sur le trône grâce à une loi dynastique qui n'en exclut pas les filles et à l'appui des grands du royaume, auxquels doit céder son demi-frère, le roi Henri IV, en déshéritant sa propre fille. Un symbole Ferdinand d'Aragon et Isabelle de Castille furent pour les générations qui les ont suivis le symbole du renouveau espagnol. Some time before 1502 Andreas Palaiologos, the last exiled claimant to the Byzantine throne of his house, sold his titles and royal and imperial rights to Ferdinand. En 1461, en pleine querelle de succession, son père le nomme héritier présomptif et gouverneur de ses royaumes et de ses terres. In it she spelled out the succession to the crown of Castile, leaving it to Joanna and then to Joanna's son Charles. Under the joint rulership of Isabella I and Ferdinand II, Spain was very much unified. January 23 - Death of Ferdinand II - Duration: 11:17. [13] Ferdinand had served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand II of Aragon, known as the Catholic , and Isabella I of Castile called the Catholic , engraving taken from life and voyages of Christopher Columbus, Washington Irving, 1851. Ferdinand II, roi d'Aragon de 1479 à 1516. Ferdinand II d'Aragon, roi d'Espagne, a interdit la plantation de vignes à Hispaniola en 1503. But the Treaty of Villafáfila did not hold for long because of the death of Philip; Ferdinand returned as regent of Castile and as "lord of the Indies". Dic. His marriage with Isabella I of Castile, daughter of John II of Castile, King of Castile and León, led Ferdinand to become de jure uxoris King of Castile while Isabella reigned as Queen of Castile. À sa mort, il lègue son royaume d'Aragon à son petit-fils, le futur Charles Quint. Although the French were victorious against Venice at the Battle of Agnadello, the League of Cambrai soon fell apart, as both the Pope and Ferdinand II became suspicious of French intentions. Ferdinand I er d'Aragon et de Sicile (1379-1416), le Juste, roi (1412-1416) Ferdinand II d'Aragon et de Sicile (1452-1516), le Catholique (Aragon 1479-1516; Sicile 1468-1516) (= Ferdinand V de Castille (1474-1504)) (= Ferdinand III de Naples (1504-1516)) Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, the Chancellor of the Kingdom, was made regent, but the upper nobility reasserted itself. Ferdinand annexed Navarre first to the Crown of Aragon, but later, under the pressure of Castilian noblemen, to the Crown of Castile. Abbess of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas. aka Ferdinand II of Aragon. The crown of Aragon he inherited in 1479 included the kingdoms of Majorca, Sardinia, Sicily, and Valencia, as well as the Principality of Catalonia. Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando II; Catalan: Ferran II; Basque: Errando II; Spanish: Fernando II; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516) was King of Aragon from 1479 to his death and by marriage King of Castile (as Ferdinand V) from 1474 to 1504, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with his wife Isabella I. Ferdinand is considered de facto the first King of Spain, being described as such during his own lifetime, although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms until the Nueva Plant… 1522). Ferdinand est le fils de Jean II d'Aragon et de Jeanne Enríquez, originaires de Castille. [7] (The legal merging of Aragon and Castile into a single Spain occurred under Philip V in 1707–1715. The Adoration II 1894 Found in the Collection of Kunsthaus Zürich Artist Hodler Ferdinand . Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Spanish: Fernando II, Catalan: Ferran) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. L'avenir de Ferdinand est assuré lorsqu'il atteint sa majorité, en 1466, et qu'il est nommé roi de Sicile, en 1468. Pendant que la guerre continuait entre Juan II et ses sujets de Catalogne, les nobles et le peuple de Castille s'étaient soulevés contre leur roi, Enrique IV, dit l'Impuissant, refusant de prêter serment à sa fille, doña Juana (la Beltraneja), que l'on prétendait née de l'adultère de la reine avec Beltran de La Cu… Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced wit… Ferdinand II, called the Catholic, was in his own right the King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest. Ferdinand II of Aragon Ferdinand the Catholic 1452 – 1516 King of Sicily and Aragon and king consort of Castile and Léon as Ferdinand V on his... Armour collection in the Armoury of Ferdinand II Ambras Castle Innsbruck Tyrol Austria 16th century. In 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the entire world beyond Europe between Portugal and Castile (Spain) for conquest and dominion purposes – by a north–south line drawn down the Atlantic Ocean. Catherine d'Aragon où Catalina en espagnol, née le 16 décembre 1485 à Alcala de Henares, en Castille, et morte le 7 janvier 1536 à Kimbolton, en Angleterre. En 1466, il atteint sa majorité. Names in medieval cases tended to be extremely constrained. The Holy League was generally successful in Italy, as well, driving the French from Milan, which was restored to its Sforza dukes by the peace treaty in 1513. Because his elder brother, Henry III, was an invalid, Ferdinand took the battlefield against the Muslims of Granada. – 1543). Alonso de Aragón, Archbishop of Zaragoza, who, in turn, was the illegitimate son of King Ferdinand II of Aragon. During the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain pursued alliances through marriage with Portugal, Habsburg Austria, and Burgundy. The agreement soon fell apart and, over the next several years, Ferdinand's great general Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba fought to take Naples from the French, finally succeeding by 1504. [10] It allowed Mudéjar Moors (Islamic) and converso Marrano Jews to stay, while expelling all unconverted Jews from Castile and Aragon (most Jews either converted or moved to the Ottoman Empire). This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:04. In November 1511 Ferdinand and his son-in-law King Henry VIII of England signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging mutual aid between the two against Navarre and France ahead of the Spanish invasion of Navarre as of July 1512. Aragonski (10. marec 1452, † 23. januar 1516) imenovan tudi Ferdinand Katoliški, kralj Aragonije(1479-1516) in Kastilje (kot Ferdinand V., 1474-1504), Sicilije (1468-1516) Neaplja(kot Ferdinand III., 1504-1516). Ferdinand II of Aragon. 17 novembre : traité de Westminster entre Ferdinand II d'Aragon et Henri VIII d'Angleterre contre la France. In 1501, following Ferdinand II's death and accession of his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand signed an agreement with Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan, to partition Naples between them, with Campania and the Abruzzi, including Naples itself, going to the French and Ferdinand taking Apulia and Calabria. Ferdinand I, king of Aragon from 1412 to 1416, second son of John I of Castile and Eleanor, daughter of Peter IV of Aragon. Ferdinand II served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. Joanna was allegedly mentally unstable, and Joanna's and Philip's son, Charles, the future Emperor Charles V, was only six years old. When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union creating for the first time since the 8th century a single political unit which might be called Spain, although the various territories were not properly administered as a single unit until the 18th century. Ferdinand II (1430-1483), 3 e duc de Bragance et 1 er duc de Guimarães; Espagne Aragon. De Francisco Olmos, José María: Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517), Menéndez Pidal de Navascués, Faustino (2004), Alonso, Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy of Aragon, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Descendants of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 1st Duke of Frías, "FERDINAND AND ISABELLA - JewishEncyclopedia.com", "To seize power in Spain, Queen Isabella had to play it smart: Bold, strategic, and steady, Isabella of Castile navigated an unlikely rise to the throne and ushered in a golden age for Spain", Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517); José María de Francisco Olmos, Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Juana la Loca fabricada en los Países Bajos (1505–1506); José María de Francisco Olmos, https://www.geni.com/people/Yonati-bat-Gedaliah-Paloma/6000000078411623451, Frederick I, Duke of Athens and Neopatria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon&oldid=991801578, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Aragonese-language text, Articles containing Catalan-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1469, he married Infanta Isabella, the future queen of Castile, which was regarded as the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy". Born on March 10, 1452, at Sos, in Aragon, Ferdinand was the son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enriquez of Castile. Isabella made her will on 12 October 1504, in advance of her 26 November 1504 death. 1516 à Madrigalejo, dit Ferdinand le Catholique, fut, par mariage, roi de Castille et León de 1474 à 1504 (sous le nom de Ferdinand V) puis, de son propre chef, roi d'Aragon, de Valence, de Majorque et de Sicile et comte de Barcelone de 1479 à 1516, comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne de 1493 à 1516 et roi des D… Born 1 July 1482 at dawn. Obtenez des photos d'actualité haute résolution de qualité sur Getty Images Ferdinand II of Aragon, King of Spain, banned the planting of vines in Hispaniola in 1503. The subsequent conquering of Navarre brought together the territories that would become Spain. Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Catalan: Ferran, Basque: Errando, Spanish: Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. With his wife Isabella I the Catholic (whom he married 19 October 1469), King Ferdinand had seven children: With his second wife, Germaine of Foix, niece of Louis XII of France