• Week 10: Roman Myth and Ovid's Metamorphoses Video Lectures: 2.1-2.10. (Chicago), • Greek Tragedies, Volume 3, David Grene and Richmond Lattimore , trans. [39] The epic and genealogical poetry created cycles of stories clustered around particular heroes or events and established the family relationships between the heroes of different stories; they thus arranged the stories in sequence. [61] Although his original work (Sacred Scriptures) is lost, much is known about it from what is recorded by Diodorus and Lactantius. Readings: Homer, Odyssey, books 1-8. [44][19]:211, Other members of this earliest generation of heroes such as Perseus, Deucalion, Theseus and Bellerophon, have many traits in common with Heracles. Bronisław Malinowski emphasized the ways myth fulfills common social functions. To the Heroic Age are also ascribed three great events: the Argonautic expedition, the Theban Cycle, and the Trojan War. This option lets you see all course materials, submit required assessments, and get a final grade. According to Ken Dowden (1992), "there is even a saga effect: We can follow the fates of some families in successive generations. started a new career after completing these courses, got a tangible career benefit from this course. 20 mai 2020 - Explorez le tableau « Mythologie » de gibr, auquel 463 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. 31 oct. 2018 - Découvrez le tableau "mythologie grecque" de Domi Roca sur Pinterest. This poem presents the beginning of the world as a time of fierce struggle and violence as the universe begins to take shape, and order, out of chaos. [50], In between the Argo and the Trojan War, there was a generation known chiefly for its horrific crimes. Video Lectures: 7.1-7.10 The Orphic Hymns are a set of pre-classical poetic compositions, attributed to Orpheus, himself the subject of a renowned myth. Nevertheless, it contains many important details that would otherwise be lost. 16 avr. Video Lectures: 6.1-6.7 "Helicocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo" in, Nilsson, Martin P. 1940. Readings: Vergil, Aeneid, book 6; Ovid, Metamorphoses, books 3, 12, and 13. --This text refers to an alternate kindle_edition edition. Video Lectures: 9.1-9.10 Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. This work attempts to reconcile the contradictory tales of the poets and provides a grand summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic legends. Hesiod's Works and Days, a didactic poem about farming life, also includes the myths of Prometheus, Pandora, and the Five Ages. This unit looks at one of the most famously thorny issues of justice in all of the ancient world. After Hector's death the Trojans were joined by two exotic allies, Penthesilea, queen of the Amazons, and Memnon, king of the Ethiopians and son of the dawn-goddess Eos. In 1891, he claimed that "the most important discovery which has been made during the nineteenth century concerning the ancient history of mankind ... was this sample equation: Sanskrit Dyaus-pitar = Greek Zeus = Latin Jupiter = Old Norse Tyr". [15]:17 When tribes from the north of the Balkan Peninsula invaded, they brought with them a new pantheon of gods, based on conquest, force, prowess in battle, and violent heroism. Claude Lévi-Strauss and other structuralists have compared the formal relations and patterns in myths throughout the world. La mythologie grecque, c'est-à-dire l'ensemble organisé des mythes provenant de la Grèce antique, se développe au cours d'une très longue période allant de la civilisation mycénienne jusqu'à la domination romaine. Yet the subjects of his plays were taken, without exception, from myth. Demeter was the second child of Kronos, the Titan King of Mount Othrys, and his sister-wife, Rhea. Moving ahead several centuries, we jump into a different part of the Mediterranean to let the Romans give us their take on myth. Readings: Aeschylus, Agamemnon; Aeschylus, Eumenides. Myths are traditional stories that have endured over a long time. Zeus then challenged Cronus to war for the kingship of the gods. The story of Medea, in particular, caught the imagination of the tragic poets. "[5]:169–70 This line of thought found its most sweeping expression in Plato's Republic and Laws. [10]:60[11]:22 Herodotus attempted to reconcile origins and the blending of differing cultural concepts. [19]:24, The widespread adoption of Christianity did not curb the popularity of the myths. This page was last edited on 4 May 2018, at 09:56. Homer was the "education of Greece" (Ἑλλάδος παίδευσις), and his poetry "the Book". [56], After the rise of philosophy, history, prose and rationalism in the late 5th-century  BC, the fate of myth became uncertain, and mythological genealogies gave place to a conception of history which tried to exclude the supernatural (such as the Thucydidean history). This first week we’ll introduce the class, paying attention to how the course itself works. [68] Apollo might be increasingly identified in religion with Helios or even Dionysus, but texts retelling his myths seldom reflected such developments. How can we begin to define "myth"? Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene, granddaughter of Perseus. [8], A few radical philosophers like Xenophanes of Colophon were already beginning to label the poets' tales as blasphemous lies in the 6th-century  BC; Xenophanes had complained that Homer and Hesiod attributed to the gods "all that is shameful and disgraceful among men; they steal, commit adultery, and deceive one another. We’ll see many examples of reunion as Odysseus carefully begins to reveal his identity to various members of his household—his servants, his dog, his son, and finally, his wife Penelope—while also scheming against those who have usurped his place. This made Gaia furious. Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. À 23 ans, le Boulageois Rémy Roth publie son troisième ouvrage. In week 2, we begin our intensive study of myth through Homer’s epic poem, the Odyssey. This course will focus on the myths of ancient Greece and Rome, as a way of exploring the nature of myth and the function it plays for individuals, societies, and nations. Percy, William A. [52] The Trojan cycle also includes the adventures of the children of the Trojan generation (e.g., Orestes and Telemachus). Sophocles' Oedipus Rex) and later mythological accounts. As he makes his way closer and closer to re-taking his place on Ithaca and with his family, a disguised Odysseus must use all his resources to regain his kingdom. I feel I have gained a very knowledgeable and thorough understanding of both Greek and Roman mythology and their historical gods and goddesses from taking this course. Many cities also honored the more well-known gods with unusual local rites and associated strange myths with them that were unknown elsewhere. Thus Greek mythology unfolds as a phase in the development of the world and of humans. (Chicago) How does myth work? [63]:xxvi Livy, too, is skeptical about the mythological tradition and claims that he does not intend to pass judgement on such legends (fabulae). Out of the void emerged Gaia (the Earth) and some other primary divine beings: Eros (Love), the Abyss (the Tartarus), and the Erebus. • Week 5: Gods and Humans 2002. When will I have access to the lectures and assignments? • Homeric Hymns, Sarah Ruden, trans. [90], By the end of the 18th century, Romanticism initiated a surge of enthusiasm for all things Greek, including Greek mythology. The traditional literary mythology was increasingly dissociated from actual religious practice. The worship of Sol as special protector of the emperors and the empire remained the chief imperial religion until it was replaced by Christianity. The adventurous homeward voyages of the Greek leaders (including the wanderings of Odysseus and Aeneas (the Aeneid), and the murder of Agamemnon) were told in two epics, the Returns (the lost Nostoi) and Homer's Odyssey. At last, with the help of the Cyclopes (whom Zeus freed from Tartarus), Zeus and his siblings were victorious, while Cronus and the Titans were hurled down to imprisonment in Tartarus. This Course doesn't carry university credit, but some universities may choose to accept Course Certificates for credit. This category includes the works of: Prose writers from the same periods who make reference to myths include Apuleius, Petronius, Lollianus, and Heliodorus. What counts as a just action, and what counts as an unjust one? Jun 30, 2020 - Les fans des livres de Rick Riordan Percy Jackson vont adorer cette affiche! [87] Nevertheless, according to Burkert, the iconography of the Cretan Palace Period has provided almost no confirmation for these theories. "The Religion of Eleusis" in, Papadopoulou, Thalia. For example, philologist Georges Dumézil draws a comparison between the Greek Uranus and the Sanskrit Varuna, although there is no hint that he believes them to be originally connected. What are we to make of all these tales, and why do people seem to like to hear them? [5] In the Archaic (c. 750 – c. 500 BC), Classical (c. 480–323 BC), and Hellenistic (323–146 BC) periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear, supplementing the existing literary evidence. Welcome to Greek and Roman Mythology! Readings: No texts this week, but it would be a good idea to get started on next week's reading to get ahead of the game. There are also possible parallels between the earliest divine generations (Chaos and its children) and Tiamat in the Enuma Elish. [36]:195, In another story, based on an old folktale-motif,[37] and echoing a similar theme, Demeter was searching for her daughter, Persephone, having taken the form of an old woman called Doso, and received a hospitable welcome from Celeus, the King of Eleusis in Attica. COURSE SCHEDULE [39][40]:340, Some scholars believe[40]:10 that behind Heracles' complicated mythology there was probably a real man, perhaps a chieftain-vassal of the kingdom of Argos. This poem presents the beginning of the world as a time of fierce struggle and violence as the universe begins to take shape, and order, out of chaos. Isis In Roman Dakhleh: Goddess Of The Village, The Province, And The Country. With Odysseus, we saw how a great hero can re-build his identity after struggles, while Oedipus shows us how our identities can dissolve before our very eyes. 2002. [77] In other cases, close parallels in character and function suggest a common heritage, yet lack of linguistic evidence makes it difficult to prove, as in the case of the Greek Moirai and the Norns of Norse mythology. The myth of Oedipus is one of transgressions—intentional and unintentional—and about the limits of human knowledge. Jason loses a sandal in a river, arrives at the court of Pelias, and the epic is set in motion. New ways to understand mythology trough various tools. This week we’ll follow the exciting peregrinations of Odysseus, "man of twists and turns," over sea and land. What have ancient and modern theorists, philosophers, and other thinkers had to say about myth? Visit the Learner Help Center. (Chicago), • Hesiod, Theogony and Works and Days, M. L. West, trans. Hard, Robin (2003). Dionysus and Ariadne. • Greek Tragedies, Volume 3, David Grene and Richmond Lattimore , trans. They used myth to explain natural phenomena, cultural variations, traditional enmities, and friendships. Here we encounter some of the best-known stories to survive from all of ancient myth. mythologie grecque. [25] Hesiod's Theogony is not only the fullest surviving account of the gods but also the fullest surviving account of the archaic poet's function, with its long preliminary invocation to the Muses. This work is incomplete.If you'd like to help expand it, see the help pages and the style guide, or leave a comment on this work's talk page. This includes the doings of Atreus and Thyestes at Argos. In Aeschylus’ Oresteia—the only surviving example of tragedy in its original trilogy form—we hear the story of Agamemnon’s return home after the Trojan War. The twins Atreus and Thyestes with their descendants played the leading role in the tragedy of the devolution of power in Mycenae. Theogony also was the subject of many lost poems, including those attributed to Orpheus, Musaeus, Epimenides, Abaris, and other legendary seers, which were used in private ritual purifications and mystery-rites. There are no required texts for the course, however, Professor Struck will make reference to the following texts in the lecture: The Iliad, which is set in the tenth year of the war, tells of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles, who was the finest Greek warrior, and the consequent deaths in battle of Achilles' beloved comrade Patroclus and Priam's eldest son, Hector. Some of the more famous heroes noted for their inclusion in the Trojan War were: Mythology was at the heart of everyday life in Ancient Greece. [8] Plato's criticism was the first serious challenge to the Homeric mythological tradition,[56] referring to the myths as "old wives' chatter. In Euripides’ Bacchae, the identity of gods and mortals is under scrutiny. Readings: Vergil, Aeneid, book 6; Ovid, Metamorphoses, books 3, 12, and 13. [45], The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes (epic poet, scholar, and director of the Library of Alexandria) tells the myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the mythical land of Colchis. Confirm this request. Hesiod was generally considered the only poet who could rival Homer. "Inventing the Past: History v. Myth" in. • Week 7: Justice Readings: Hesiod, Theogony *(the Works and Days is NOT required for the course)*. Video Lectures: 4.1-4.8 He was a mere child at the time of his father's death, on which account the regency was assumed by his cousin Pausanias, who commanded the Greeks at Plataea. The first philosophical cosmologists reacted against, or sometimes built upon, popular mythical conceptions that had existed in the Greek world for some time. The Lydian and later the Macedonian kings, as rulers of the same rank, also became Heracleidae. Pierre Commelin a traduit de nombreuses œuvres d'auteurs latins et il est l'auteur d'une Mythologie grecque et romaine qui fait référence. [9]:xii Additionally, myth was central to classical Athenian drama. [60]:87 Cicero is also generally disdainful of myth, but, like Varro, he is emphatic in his support for the state religion and its institutions. Again, these texts are not required, but they are helpful. [i][14], The earlier inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula were an agricultural people who, using Animism, assigned a spirit to every aspect of nature. But perhaps someone might say: "Are you then not ashamed, Socrates, of having followed such a pursuit, that you are now in danger of being put to death as a result?" This core text not only gives us an exciting story to appreciate on its own merits but also offers us a kind of laboratory where we can investigate myth using different theoretical approaches. Finally, through the lens of the Romans and others who "remythologize," we wrap up the course with a retrospective look at myth. "Homeric and South Slavic Epic". [38], The age in which the heroes lived is known as the heroic age. "The Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Greek Myth" in, Segal, Robert A. In addition to the combination of the two mythological traditions, the association of the Romans with eastern religions led to further syncretizations. We’ll also begin to think about the topic at hand: myth! Check with your institution to learn more. In Göttingen, Johann Matthias Gesner began to revive Greek studies, while his successor, Christian Gottlob Heyne, worked with Johann Joachim Winckelmann, and laid the foundations for mythological research both in Germany and elsewhere. Welcome to Greek and Roman Mythology! Découvrez sur Babelio.com livres et les auteurs sur le thème mythologie grecque. In addition, there were the dark powers of the underworld, such as the Erinyes (or Furies), said to pursue those guilty of crimes against blood-relatives. Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. (Vintage) [60]:88 The challenge for Romans with a strong and apologetic sense of religious tradition was to defend that tradition while conceding that it was often a breeding-ground for superstition. This week we’ll follow the exciting peregrinations of Odysseus, "man of twists and turns," over sea and land.