Thenceforth, he comported himself as a humble and loyal servant of the king, who, however, was long at pains to keep him from any military command. il sera vendu par le prince de … on Biography. The Battle of Freiburg was desperately contested but after Rocroi, numerous fortresses opened their gates to the duke. [2] After that he entered the Royal Academy at Paris. Together with the Marshal de Turenne he led the French to a favorable peace in the Thirty Years' War. Louis II porte le titre de duc d'Enghien jusqu'à la mort de son père en 1646. Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Enghien hercege (Párizs, 1621. szeptember 8. André Le Nôtre landscaped his park at Chantilly; Pierre Mignard and Charles Le Brun decorated the walls of his palace with mythological paintings; Antoine Coysevox sculpted a famous bust of him; and Pérelle and Jean Berain painted views of his palace. The summer campaign of 1645 opened with the defeat of Turenne by Franz von Mercy at Mergentheim, but this was retrieved in the victory of Nördlingen, in which Mercy was killed, and Enghien himself received several serious wounds. The second phase was a pale reflection of the aristocratic resistance during the Wars of Religion; and, although Condé succeeded in gaining control of Paris, he did not acquire the support of the Parlement except briefly and under duress. [a][9] This battle, fought on August 11, was one of the hardest of the century, and Condé, who displayed the reckless bravery of his youth, had three horses killed under him. Bourdaloue attended him at his death-bed, and Bossuet pronounced his elegy. Then, totally restored to Louis XIV’s favour, Condé, with Turenne, was placed by the king in command of the army that was going to invade the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1672). During the 1666 to 1667 War of Devolution, Condé proposed to the Marquis de Louvois, the Minister of War, a plan for seizing Franche-Comté, the execution of which was entrusted to him and successfully carried out. Find a Grave, database and images ( accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon-Vendome (1612–6 Aug 1669), Find a Grave Memorial no. With the marshal de Turenne, he was victorious at Freiburg, Philippsburg, Mainz, and Nördlingen. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Among his early victories in the Thirty Years War [2] were those of Rocroi (1643), Freiburg (1644), Nördlingen (1645), and Lens (1648). Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) But he was also a man of wide intellectual interests, of unconventional habits, and possessed of an uncommonly sound independence of mind. Luís II de Bourbon, conhecido como "o Grande Condé" [1] (Paris, 8 de setembro de 1621 — Palácio de Fontainebleau, 11 de dezembro de 1686), era Príncipe de Condé, Duque de Bourbon, Duque de Enghien, Duque de Montmorency, Duque de Châteauroux, Duque de Bellegarde, Duque de Fronsac, Governador do Berry, Conde de Sancerre (1646-1686), Conde de Charolais (a partir de 1684), Par de França. Updates? He married Marie-Adelaide de Savoie (1685-1712) 7 December 1697 . By 1648, this had become an increasingly bitter, multi-sided conflict between the Spanish, the Catalan nobility supported by France, and the Catalan peasantry. He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d’un demi-siècle. He also enjoyed the conversation of Bishop Bossuet, François Fénelon, and Nicolas Malebranche, all of whom were at Chantilly. When in 1668 the king at last entrusted to his command the attack of the Spanish-held Franche-Comté, Condé took Artois, Besançon, Dôle, and Gray in 15 days. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Find a Grave, database and images ( accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. …of the Princes, headed by the Great Condé. The princes de Condé were the heads of an important French branch of the House of Bourbon. But a change in his destiny came with the civil wars of the Fronde. Louis II, Duke of Bourbon was born in 1337, to Peter I, Duke of Bourbon and Isabella of Valois, Duchess of Bourbon. [6], To remove Condé from Paris, Mazarin arranged for him to lead anti-Habsburg forces in the Catalan revolt known as the Reapers' War. In 1646 Enghien served under Gaston, Duke of Orléans in Flanders, and when, after the capture of Mardyck, Orléans returned to Paris, Enghien, left in command, captured Dunkirk (11 October). His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu, before he joined the army in 1640. [1] His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families. Enghien took part with distinction in the siege of Arras. Source Escalier d’honneur du palais ducal de Moulins. His last campaign was that of 1675 on the Rhine, where the army had been deprived of its general by the death of Turenne; and where by his careful and methodical strategy, he repelled the invasion of the Imperial army of Raimondo Montecuccoli. Surtout, lorsqu'en 1388 Charles VI décide de gouverner par lui-même, il est le seul de … 1567 Benjamin de Bourbon b. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. Il défend d'abord le parti de la cour, la régence durant la minorité de Louis XIV étant assumée par sa mère Anne d'Autriche, secondée par le cardinal Mazarin, premier ministre, puis il prend parti contre Mazarin qu'il appelle « le faquin écarlate ». CONDÉ, LOUIS II. This was his last campaign and victory. [5], When the aristocracy took up arms against new taxes in the Fronde rebellion, Condé was recalled to Court by Anne of Austria. These were finally closed later in 1674 by the veto of King Louis XIV and the election of John Sobieski. This Louis F. de Bourbon you never the Duke de PenthieVre. He was a colorful character to be sure, alternately regarded as a war hero, a traitor and the savior of his country. Corrections? After the defeat of the Fronde he entered Spanish service and led their armies against France, notably at Arras, Valenciennes and Dunkirk. Although his youthful marriage to Claire Clémence de Maillé had brought him a dowry of 600,000 livres and many lands, Condé's lifelong resentment of his forced marriage to a social inferior persisted. X de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Bourbon (1657, Breda – 28 September 1660, Paris), also died in infancy. He maintained a troupe of comedians who toured the provinces; he protected Jean de La Fontaine, Nicolas Boileau, and Molière; and he chose Jean de La Bruyère to tutor his son, Henri-Jules. [10] In his last letter to Louis, he asked that his estranged wife never be released from her exile to the countryside; she survived until 1694. In 1673, he was again engaged in the Low Countries, and in 1674, he fought his last great battle, the Battle of Seneffe, against William of Orange. [2] He also won Richelieu's favor when he was present with the Cardinal during the plot of Cinq Mars, and afterwards fought in the Siege of Perpignan (1642). Condé, however, again tried to extract too high a price for his goodwill toward the queen regent. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Genealogy profile for Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. 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Shortly after their release in February 1651, the diverging interests of the two rebellious parties led to a shift of alliances, with the crown and Parlements against Condé's party of the high nobility. Genealogy for Louis Armand II de Bourbon-Conti, duc de Mercoeur (1695 - 1727) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. The Prince's retirement, which was only broken by the Polish question and by his personal intercession on behalf of Fouquet in 1664, ended in 1668. Louis’s father died on Dec. 26, 1646, and he then became both prince de Condé and heir to an enormous fortune. II. Il distribue aussi aux gens de sa cour des livrées à ses couleurs et à sa devise, tradition anglaise introduite par Louis II de Bourbon, duc de Bourbonnais, comte de Forez, prince des Dombes etc. He married Anne de Forez (1358-1417) 19 August 1371 JL . But it was in his eagerness for battle, his quick decision in action, and the stern will which sent his regiments to face the heaviest losses, that Condé earned the right to be compared to the great generals of his time. $55.99 — Paperback "Please retry" $53.75 . Although Louise Françoise survived, Condé became ill, allegedly from worry over her health; he died at Fontainebleau on 11 November 1686 at the age of sixty-five, and was buried at Vallery, traditional resting place of the Princes of Condé. He was now completely re-established in the favour of King Louis XIV, and with Turenne, was appointed the principal French commander in the celebrated campaign of 1672 against the Dutch. Les trois premiers fils d'Henri II de Bourbon et de Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency étant morts en bas âge, Louis reçut le titre de « duc d'Enghien ». His last campaign was in 1675, taking command after Turenne had been killed, repelling an invasion of an imperial army. [3] Although she bore her husband three children, Enghien later claimed she committed adultery with different men in order to justify locking her away at Châteauroux, but the charge was widely disbelieved: Saint-Simon, while admitting that she was homely and dull, praised her virtue, piety and gentleness in the face of relentless abuse.[4]. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. DE BOURBON, Prince of (1621–1686), called the Great Condé, was the son of Henry, prince of Condé, and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, and was born at Paris on the 8th of September 1621. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. English: Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 8 September, 1621 – 11 November, 1686) was a French soldier and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. Louis II de Bourbon, victorious at the Battle of Rocroi during the Thirty Years' War. He also rebelled against Louis XIV a… Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) [Anonymous, .] The capture of Philippsburg was the most important of his other achievements during this campaign. Condé's father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits' school at Bourges. On his return, despite the passion that he had conceived for Marthe du Vigean, a young lady of the inner circle of Parisian society, the young duke was obliged, on Feb. 9, 1641, to go through the marriage that had been imposed on him and from which little but conjugal distrust and hatred was to ensue. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage.Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité … Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. In 1643 his success at the Battle of Rocroi, in which he led the French army to an unexpected and decisive victory over the Spanish, established him as a great general and popular hero in France. Here he assembled a brilliant circle of literary men, including Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Nicole, Bourdaloue, and Bossuet. Turenne and his brother the Duke of Bouillon were among those who had escaped arrest; they now demanded the prisoners' freedom, leading to a short-lived alliance between the Fronde des nobles and the Fronde des parlements. Bending his knee to the rising Sun King, Condé was pardoned and restored to his previous titles, but his power as an independent prince was broken.[2]. Louis II De Bourbon Paperback – Large Print, October 27, 2009. by . He was opposed by Francisco de Melo, and the tercios of the Spanish army who were held to be the toughest soldiers in Europe. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. Even on his military campaigns he read the novels of Gaultier de Coste de La Calprenède, the histories of Livy, and the tragedies of Pierre Corneille. On his recall to Flanders, however, he won another great victory at Lens (Aug. 19–20, 1648). He quickly subdued the Parlement of Paris, and the Parliamentary Fronde ended with the March 1649 Peace of Rueil. He was sent by Cardinal Mazarin—ever distrustful of so prestigious a prince—to Catalonia, in Spain, where on June 18, 1647, he was defeated at Lérida. ... to be in doubt." At the forcing of the Rhine passage at Tolhuis (June 12), he received a severe wound, after which he commanded in Alsace against the Imperials. Condé conquered the Franche-Comté during the War of Devolution and led the French armies in the Franco-Dutch War together with Turenne. In mid-1686, Louise Françoise, later known as 'Madame la Duchesse', contracted smallpox while at Fontainebleau; Condé helped nurse her back to health, and prevented Louis from seeing her for his own safety. Louis II, 3 e duc de Bourbon, byname Louis the Good, French Louis le Bon, (born 1337—died August 19, 1410), duke of Bourbon (from 1356), count of Clermont and of Forez. There, he once more confronted an old adversary, Raimondo Montecuccoli, Austria’s foremost commander, whom he forced to raise the siege of Haguenau and to withdraw across the Rhine. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $55.99 . Their children were: That he was capable of waging a methodical war of positions may be assumed from his campaigns against Turenne and Montecucculi, the greatest generals opposing him. Author of. For his military prowess he was called The Great Condé (Le Grand Condé). Conde is regarded as an excellent tactician, a fine strategist,[11] and one of the greatest French generals. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:02. His father gave to the duc d’Enghien, as the Great Condé was at first called, a complete and strict education: six years with the Jesuits at Bourges, as well as mathematics and horsemanship at the Royal Academy at Paris. A cultivated man, according to Mlle de Scudéry, who depicted him in her novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus (1649–53), he was also a patron of the arts. Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (20 September 1652, Bordeaux – 11 April 1653, Bordeaux), died in infancy. In January 1650, he was arrested, along with Conti and Longueville; imprisoned at Vincennes, and when asked if he needed reading material, he allegedly replied 'The memoirs of M de Beaufort,' who had made a dramatic escape from the same prison two years earlier.[7]. Having completed the evacuation of the United Provinces, he halted the prince of Orange’s army at Seneffe in the Spanish Netherlands (Aug. 11, 1674), then raised the siege of Oudenarde. Omissions? … Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. 65703171, citing Abbaye de Souvigny, Souvigny, Departement de l'Allier, Auvergne, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave . He followed his success at Rocroi with successes in the area of the Rhine at Thionville and Sierck. Portraits and busts of Condé suggest rapacity: wide, protruding eyes and a prominently downcurving “Bourbon” nose dominate a thin and bony face in which a willful mouth overshadows a receding chin. Louis married Claire Clémence de Maillé, daughter of Urbain de Maillé, Marquis of Brézé and Nicole du Plessis de Richelieu, at the Palais Royal in Paris, in February 1641, in the presence of King Louis XIII of France, Anne of Austria, and Gaston of France. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. As Mazarin had intended, Condé could achieve little; however, a Spanish revival in the Low Countries led to his recall and victory at Lens in August 1648. Il eut également plusieurs enfants illégitimes : D'autres liaisons, Louis de Bourbon eut d'autres enfants naturels: It was the greatest French victory for a century and was due, beyond doubt, to his personal effort. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Condé's vast domains included Burgundy and Berry, while the Prince de Conti, his brother, held Champagne and his brother-in-law, Longueville, controlled Normandy. French military leader. Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency; the infant was immediately endowed with the title of Duke of Enghien. The Great Condé was the elder son of Henry II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, and of his wife, Charlotte de Montmorency. In October 1652…, …Louis II de Bourbon (the Great Condé), broke the Spanish, Conquered in 1668 by the Great Condé in the War of Devolution but returned to Spain by the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (May 2, 1668), Franche-Comté was finally conquered for France by Condé in the last of the so-called Dutch Wars, the French annexation being recognized by the Peace of…. At one moment Condé entertained the idea of having himself elected king of Poland, but, despite his determined measures and the support of Louis XIV, he was unsuccessful. Until 1646, when his father died, condé was duke of Enghien; afterward he became prince of Conde. Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d'un demi-siècle. In 1643 Enghien was appointed to command against the Spanish in northern France.
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