16 avril 1481: François II et Maximilien d'Autriche signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. He was named after his great-grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I. Eventually Maximilian remained nominally an adherent of the older faith, although his views were tinged with Lutheranism until the end of his life. He was the first King of the Romans not to be crowned in Aachen. Meanwhile, the relations between Maximilian and Philip of Spain had improved, and the emperor's increasingly cautious and moderate attitude in religious matters was doubtless because the death of Philip's son, Don Carlos, had opened the way for the succession of Maximilian, or of one of his sons, to the Spanish throne. Maximilian was born in Vienna, Austria, the eldest son of the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand I, younger brother of Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the Jagiellonian princess Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547). This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Guarda gli esempi di traduzione di Maximilien nelle frasi, ascolta la pronuncia e impara la grammatica. This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 18:42. -1792-1806 : François II, aussi empereur romain germanique sous le nom de François II Empire d'Autriche En 1804, l'Autriche devient un empire et François II devient empereur sous le nom de François Ier Empereurs d'Autriche-1804-1835 : François Ier -1835-1848 : Ferdinand Ier -1848-1867 : François-Joseph Ier Double monarchie d'Autriche-Hongrie Be warned. May 16 » The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic. A genealogical internet service provided by Coret Genealogy. Maximilien III de Habsbourg, archiduc d'Autriche, mieux connu sous le nom Massimiliano Maître Teutonique, était le troisième fils de l'empereur Maximilien II et Maria de l'Espagne. Evidence of this friendly feeling was given in 1570, when the emperor's daughter, Anna, became the fourth wife of Philip; but Maximilian was unable to moderate the harsh proceedings of the Spanish king against the revolting inhabitants of the Netherlands. Fils de l'empereur du Saint-Empire romain germanique Maximilien Ier et de Marie, duchesse de Bourgogne, il meurt avant … Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Named after her deceased older sister. Although data is often retrieved from public archives, the searching, interpreting, collecting, selecting and sorting of the data results in a unique product. In 1794, his domains were overrun by the troops of Revolutionary France. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. May 6 » Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance. He also took the usual oath to protect the Church, and his election was afterwards confirmed by the papacy. While Philip had been raised a Spaniard and barely travelled out of the kingdom during his life, Maximilian identified himself as the quintessential German prince and often displayed a strong dislike of Spaniards, whom he considered as intolerant and arrogant. In 1570 the emperor met the diet of Speyer and asked for aid to place his eastern borders in a state of defence, and also for power to repress the disorder caused by troops in the service of foreign powers passing through Germany. This failed because of Spanish opposition. Böngésszen milliónyi szót és kifejezést a világ minden nyelvén. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. His reign also saw the high point of Protestantism in Austria and Bohemia and unlike his successors, Maximilian did not try to suppress it. Maximilian II was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Title: Portrait d'Anne d'Autriche, fille de l'Empereur Maximilien II, Reine d'Espagne, femme de Philippe II, ca. Apr 20, 2014 - Anthonis Mor, Portrait of Mary of Austria, wife of Maximilian II (detail) 1551 Scopri Maximilien: Archiduc D'Autriche, Empereur Du Mexique. Maximilien III de Habsbourg, surnommé le Maître allemand (der Deutschmeister), est né le 12 octobre 1558 à Wiener Neustadt en Autriche et mort le 2 novembre 1618 à Vienne (Autriche).Il fut archiduc d'Autriche antérieure et gouverneur du Tyrol. They come from many sources and are not checked. At length a compromise was reached: Philip was to succeed Ferdinand, but during the former's reign Maximilian, as King of the Romans, was to govern Germany. According to Fichtner, Maximilian failed to achieve his three major aims: rationalizing the government structure, unifying Christianity, and evicting the Turks from Hungary.[3]. Maximilian would gather a large army and march to fight the Ottomans, but neither the Habsburgs nor the Ottomans would achieve much of anything from this conflict. Archduke Charles of Austria (26 September 1565 – 23 May 1566). Archduke Frederick of Austria (21 June 1562 – 16 January 1563). This arrangement was not carried out, and is only important because the insistence of the emperor seriously disturbed the harmonious relations that had hitherto existed between the two branches of the Habsburg family; an illness that befell Maximilian in 1552 was attributed to poison given to him in the interests of his cousin and brother-in-law, Philip II of Spain. With neither side winning a decisive engagement, Maximilian's ambassadors Antun Vrančić and Christoph Teuffenbach would meet with the Ottoman Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha in Adrianople to negotiate a truce in 1568. Maximilien I er Portrait de l'empereur Maximilien I er par Albrecht Dürer . The religious views of the future King of Bohemia had always been somewhat uncertain, and he had probably learned something of Lutheranism in his youth; but his amicable relations with several Protestant princes, which began about the time of the discussion over the succession, were probably due more to political than to religious considerations. Maximilien Ier du Saint Empire fordítása a francia - magyar szótárban, a Glosbe ingyenes online szótárcsaládjában. Showing page 1. Maximilian's relations with his uncle worsened, as Charles V, again embattled by rebellious Protestant princes led by Elector Maurice of Saxony, wished his son Philip II of Spain to succeed him as emperor. The couple had sixteen children: Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Jan 9, 2017 - Anna d'Autriche, v.14 ans (1549-1580), Fille de Maximilien II (Empereur des Romains) They come from many sources and are not checked. However, in Vienna he became very intimate with Sebastian Pfauser [de], a court preacher influenced by Heinrich Bullinger with strong leanings towards Lutheranism, and his religious attitude caused some uneasiness to his father. Do not use this data until you have checked it, preferably at the source (the archives). In 1780, he became Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, and in 1784, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. Though a Habsburg and a Catholic, he approached the Lutheran Imperial estates with a view to overcome the denominational schism,[further explanation needed] which ultimately failed. Il est un prince européen des XVe et XVIe siècles. From the age of 17, he gained some experience of warfare during the Italian War campaign of his uncle Charles V against King Francis I of France in 1544, and also during the Schmalkaldic War. Details Biographiques di Armand De La Porte: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. May 1 » Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Maximilien de Hohenberg, né le 29 septembre 1902 à Vienne, mort le 8 janvier 1962 à Vienne. State from whom you have copied the data and ideally also his/her original source. At the time of his birth, his father Ferdinand succeeded his brother-in-law King Louis II in the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Kingdom of Hungary, laying the grounds for the global Habsburg Monarchy. Nonetheless, the two remained committed to the unity of their dynasty. Attention: Wife (Marie d'Autriche) is also his cousin. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Sofonisba Anguissola. After several refusals he consented in 1560 to the banishment of Pfauser, and began again to attend the Masses of the Catholic Church. Yet on a personal basis he granted freedom of worship to the Protestant nobility and worked for reform in the Roman Catholic Church, including the right of priests to marry. The religious demands of the Protestants were still unsatisfied, while the policy of toleration had failed to give peace to Austria. Maximilien II d'Autriche was born on July 31, 1527, son of Ferdinand Ier d'Autriche and Anne Jagellon. 1575–1599 Medium: oil on panel He was unable, however, to obtain the consent of Pope Pius IV to the marriage of the clergy, and in 1568 the concession of communion in both kinds to the laity was withdrawn. Type the first letters of the first or last name (at least 3 letters) in the input field. In 1551 Maximilian attended the Council of Trent and the next year took up his residence at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, celebrated by a triumphal return into the city with a large entourage including the elephant Suleiman. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland. He proposed that his consent should be necessary before any soldiers for foreign service were recruited in the empire; but the estates were unwilling to strengthen the imperial authority, the Protestant princes regarded the suggestion as an attempt to prevent them from assisting their co-religionists in France and the Netherlands, and nothing was done in this direction, although some assistance was voted for the defense of Austria. He died on October 12, 1576. Showing page 1. July 11 » While exploring the North Atlantic Ocean in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage, Martin Frobisher sights Greenland, mistaking it for the hypothesized (but non-existent) island of "Frisland". He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rudolf, who had been chosen king of the Romans in October 1575. ma con le concordanze dal Le Glay, Gorrcspondance de Maximilien I et de Marguèritc d'Autriche, Parigi 1S39, II, 466 sg. search for your ancestors and publish your family tree, empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), https://www.genealogieonline.nl/rois-europe/I31500.php, A genealogical internet service provided by. Titré duc de Hohenberg en 1917. Now click on the desired name to select the person. While his father Ferdinand concluded the 1552 Treaty of Passau with the Protestant estates and finally reached the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, Maximilian was engaged mainly in the government of the Austrian hereditary lands and in defending them against Ottoman incursions. Scarica subito, scopri Maximilien II su openMLOL. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) on 24 November 1562. of Aragon", "Habsburg, Elisabeth von Oesterreich (Königin von Polen)", Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilian_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=977418251, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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